Analogous colors are those colors which sit next to each other on the color wheel. As they are closely related, they go well with each other, for example yellow and orange look pleasant together."Why do two colors, put one next to the other, sing? Can one really explain this? No. Just as one can never learn how to paint." is a famous quote by Pablo Picasso. This is very true. Haven't you noticed how yellows and orange combinations in a room make the room look more cheerful. Or how combinations of yellow, green, and brown colors go great together. So, why does this happen?
"Colors must fit together as pieces in a puzzle or cogs in a wheel." says Hans Hofmann. Well, in case of the above examples it works because these are analogous colors.
Color Wheel Basics
Before we start discussing what these colors are, here are some color wheel chart basics. The primary colors of pigment are BLUE, YELLOW, and RED.
These are the three primary colors which can be combined together to form many other colors. When you mix up yellow and red, we get the color orange. And when the color red and blue is mixed we get violet. When blue and yellow are mixed we get the color green.
Yellow + Red = Orange
Red + Blue = Purple
Blue + Yellow = Green
When the primary colors and secondary colors are mixed we get tertiary colors. For example, when we mix red and orange, we will get a red-orange color. Thus mixing the primary and secondary colors we get six 6 tertiary colors.
Understanding the Colors
Analogous (uh-nal-uh-gus) colors are those which sit next to each in the color wheel. As the analogous colors on color wheel are closely related, or made by mixing the colors next to them (in case of primary and secondary colors) they help to create bright-looking color combinations. In an analogous color scheme, always one color will be dominating and another color will be supporting. Here are some examples of these colors on the color wheel. Take the combination of a bright blue and bright green. The yellow will be the dominating color and the green will support it. Another example would be of red and orange. Imagine you are wearing an orange t-shirt and red muffler. The red muffler will be more dominating and eye-catching than the orange t-shirt.
Now, that you understand this, imagine the possibilities of color combinations you can do. You can create beautiful color schemes to match the simplest of things. If you feel that your desk looks boring then add some analogous shades to it and it will brighten up instantly. You can also make your kitchen earthy yet bright-looking. Take sunshine yellow, and a medium shade of green, and add some browns. This will give an earthy color combination, yet won't make the room dull because of the sunshine-yellow color.
Any analogous colors on the color wheel make a great color combination. Also, they create almost no contrast. Artists can use a theme to make the paintings look comfortable and serene. For example color combinations of blue and purple are great, and help to create a beautiful color scheme.