A List of the Techniques Used When Sketching With Colored Pencils

Colored Pencil Techniques
Colored pencils can help to render a great depth to any drawing subject. Let us look at the different techniques used that will help you for shading and adding textures to your drawings.
While drawing one needs to observe the subject, draw it with perfect proportions, and maintain good clean lines. However, shading with a pencil gives you more freedom and ease, as one doesn't need to be confined to perfect proportions, but just needs to take care to catch the light and shadows falling on a subject well. So, first learn to draw your subject well, and then learn how to use colored pencils to complete your artwork.

Shading Techniques

Before I start explaining about the different shading techniques used for texturing, let us discuss the lights and shadows that gives all the objects their depth and form. While shading any object, it is important to observe the subject, to figure out the three main parts- highlight, tones, and cast shadow. The image below shows the light source on top right corner, highlight, shading of mid tone and dark tone, and the sphere's cast shadow. Understanding this and by practicing the shading and texturing techniques mentioned below you can draw detailed colored pencil art. However, practice observing the highlights, tones, and cast shadow of different objects. Pick simple objects on your desk, and dissect the lights and shadows falling on the object.

Colored Pencil Light and Shadow Diagram


Hatching

Colored Pencil Hatching

This technique is the most basic technique used for shading. All you have to do is make angled strokes with a pencil tip.

Hatching With Tilted Pencil

Colored Pencil Hatching With Tilted Pencil

This technique gives a softer look, and you need a blunt tip of the pencil to do it. Hold the pencil under your forefinger and thumb, so that it is close to the paper. Then make angled strokes close to each other to get this effect.

Hatching for Blending

Colored Pencil Hatching And Blending

Similar to the above technique, in this technique you can merge two or more shades together. You can increase or decrease the pressure on the pencil to get a lighter or darker shade of the desired merged color.

Cross-Hatching

Colored Pencil Cross Hatching

Again use a pencil which has a fine tip for this technique. Make a patch with angled strokes, then overlap a patch of another opposite angled strokes on the first patch. This technique greatly helps to add depth to areas which have shadows. The cast shadow in the first image is created using this technique.

Cross-Hatching for Blending

Colored Pencil Cross Hatching Blending

Similar to the above technique, all you have to do is use two or more colored pencils. For example, you can use shades of green and brown to create a shadow of a tree on the ground.

Patches for Quick Texturing

Colored Pencil Quick Texturing

This technique is very helpful while texturing and shading to give a depth. For example, the angle of the patches can be changed to give dept to facial features, like patches that are receding for the nose bridge, and flat patches for lips, etc.

Stippling & Shading

Colored Pencil Stippling

Stippling can be done with pencils, but is mostly done with felt tip pens as they have perfect pointed edges. Use a sharp tipped pencil and hold it perpendicular to the paper, and increase and decrease the pressure to create this stippling effect. It can be used to create textures like showing leaves on a tree, or for shading a drawing subject like a portrait. In the picture, I have illustrated the light, middle, and the dark tone which can be created using stippling.

Angled Stippling Dots

Colored Pencil Angled Stippling

For this technique give a little angled stroke while stippling on the page. This technique when done with multiple colored pencils, can give great textures.

Scumbling

Colored Pencil Scumbling

Scumbling technique is done by overlapping circles on each other; use a blunt pencil tip for this.

Scumbling with Colors

Colored Pencil Scumbling Blending

With 2 or more colored pencils, this technique can help you to create great textures. In the image above, I have used brown and dark green pencil to create a texture which can be used to show the texture of the ground.

Random Strokes

Colored Pencil Random Strokes

Use random upward strokes with blunt pencil tips to create this pattern. You can merge colors with this technique and create textures for grass, clothes, leaves, etc.

Small Angled Strokes

Colored Pencil Angled Strokes

Use a blunt pencil tip, and draw small upward angled strokes to create this type of texture. It can be used to show little hair on a bald head, or vegetation on a dry land.

Smudging

Colored Pencil Smudging

This technique is very helpful to create soft shading effects. It can be used to show smoke or a baby's skin. Make a small patch using the tilted pencil hatching technique, then use your fingertips and merge the lines to produce this soft shading effect.

Razor to Lighten Shade

Colored Pencil Razor Erasing

These colored pencil tips are greatly helpful for corrections. If you think you have made a patch that is too dark, then just scribble with a razor and then smudge the patch to make it look smooth. This technique shouldn't be tried on a thin paper, as there is a possibility of the paper being torn. In the image I have used a razor on the top part of the patch, and left the bottom dark for you to study.

Incised Marks

Colored Pencil Razor Incision

Using a razor to make incised marks helps to expose the color layer beneath the top color layer. In this picture the bottom layer is green and top layer is red. Then using a tip of a cutter, some incision marks are made in the middle of the patch to display the green colored layer underneath.

Watercolor Effect

Colored Pencil with Water Color Effect

Learning to paint with watercolors is a task that needs more skills, compared to shading, which is an easy task. However, you can use water soluble pencils for shading and then run a wet brush to give the water color effect. In the image above, I have used Staedtler Luna watercolor pencils, and then used a brush lightly, which gave the color patch the water color effect.

Draw simple subjects, and use the above techniques for texturing and shading, to create detailed looking pencil art works.
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