Mosaic art is all about the creativity of an artist, and how he makes beautiful artwork with small pieces of colored stones, glass, and other such materials. This form of art has been seen for years together. This technique is one of the widely used forms from the olden days. History reveals details about this technique.
Odyssey of Mosaic Art
In the earliest seen examples, historians mention about pavements that made the use of this art. It was created with the technique of raised pebbles. The pebbles were placed in a particular manner to create geometrical patterns and shapes. The Greeks particularly used this technique in 4th century BC.
During the later period of the 4th century, mosaic art was used in early Christian art. It was seen on the walls and ceilings of many Christian basilicas. However, not all the works have survived. These patterns depict religious themes. They are outstanding because of the colors used and the compositions as well.
The ones at the St. Aquilinus Chapel of the Basilica of San Lorenzo, need to be mentioned particularly due to the beauty of their exquisite beauty.
Artists used 'smalti', which is a special type of glass. The effects of this glass were simply beautiful, as the pieces had tiny air bubbles, which added to the beauty of this art.
There is also a difference in the styles of the Roman and the Byzantine period. During the Roman period, mosaics were used to decorate the floors whereas during the Byzantine period, they were used to add beauty to the walls and ceilings. The ones of the Byzantine period were based mainly on figurative elements.
Jerusalem also had some of the finest creations of this art in many holy places. These however, did not survive because of they were destructed over a period of time. The Jews also incorporated this art in their synagogues.
The remains of certain mosaics found by historians reveal many interesting examples of this form of art. However, with time, churches and other religious monuments used other forms of art as a decorative element.
In the modern times, mosaic designs and patterns continue to make waves, and is used in many interesting ways for decoration and interiors. Artists can create creative designs with the help of the modern techniques available. Surely, this beautiful art is eternal!