Pencil sketching is a fine form of art. It's amazing to see what a simple stick of graphite, led, can do! But, have you ever finished your pencil drawing and wondered why it still feels incomplete or insubstantial? Well, try inking your drawings. It really brings out the depth in the drawing and gives a more definite look. Ink drawings are worth trying out!
Get pencils that aren't too hard, because the hard ones will leave their impressions on the paper, and won't give good results once the inking is done. However, this doesn't mean you need not get pencils with dark graphite. The darker the graphite, the less pressure you need to apply.
Pen and Ink Drawings
In order to prepare a pen and ink drawing, it is first important to have a pencil outline ready. Thus, it should be called pencil and ink drawings instead of pen and ink! Nevertheless, have a pencil outline for your ink drawing ready. You can take inspiration from photographs of nature, animals, etc., or can pencil down something from your own imagination.
Once all the major lines of the pencil drawing have been inked, go over them once again, this time making thicker lines. Depending on the picture, make some lines thicker than the others. You could use different nibs to get different effects.
Adding Texture using Pen Strokes
There are several pen strokes that you can use to add texture to your drawing. There is the cross hatching or pointillism technique that one can adopt for, which can be used alone or in combination.
The two series of line overlap or cross at various angles, different widths, etc., and give a cross hatching effect. Mostly, the first series of lines would be vertical, the next would be horizontal and the third would be at an angle of 45 degrees, etc. Some other forms of hatching techniques are contour hatching, scumbling and random hatching.
In pointillism technique, instead of lines we have dots that are created on the paper in such a way that the white space between two dots cannot be seen. The closer the dots are made, the darker the tone. However, this technique can be tedious and it's advised to play music and dot with the beat, to keep the monotony away.
Errors in pen and ink drawings cannot be erased, which can be a problem. Once the ink hits the paper, it's permanent, and this can prove nasty at times.
However, don't let this discourage you. With practice you will be more comfortable with the technique and the errors will decrease substantially. A look at the finished drawing will bring a smile to your face and the effort is worth it!