Famous Hispanic Painters Who Contributed Richly to the Art World

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In this Buzzle article, you will find the life and work of some of the most famous Hispanic painters, described in brief, followed by a list of Hispanic artists.
Miguel Cabrera was a painter from the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which is in today's Mexico. He was regarded as the greatest painter in New Spain. His casta paintings were considered as the best ones of the genre. He shares his name with a Venezuelan baseball player.

The terms 'Hispanic' and 'Latino' are associated with Spanish-speaking people. An individual whose first language is Spanish, can be referred to as a Hispanic. This article has compiled a list of famous Hispanic painters who have made a notable contribution to art. Some of them have led various art movements in history, while some others have pioneered the development of certain styles of art. Their paintings mesmerize people around the world and their work inspires millions.

El Greco

Born in Crete, he was a painter, sculptor and an architect. He belonged to the Spanish Renaissance. He received his initial training as a painter in Cretan School where he showed outstanding skills in painting. He began to practice as a painter at the age of 22 in the year 1563. He preferred to draw tall and slender figures. He painted with intuition and imagination and brought life to his pictures by depicting emotions.

Francisco Zurbaran

He was born at Fuente de Cantos in Extremadura, on November 7, 1598. As a child he used to imitate objects with charcoal. His compositions mostly contained single figures and the color tone was often bluish. At about the age of 32, he was appointed painter to Philip IV. He painted the great altarpiece of St. Thomas Aquinas in 1627 which is now kept in the Seville museum. His painting depicting a life-sized figure of a kneeling Franciscan holding a skull represents the fineness of his work. He passed away in 1664. He is still remembered for his religious paintings and his still-life pictures.

Diego Velazquez

He was one of the greatest painters who belonged to the 16th century. He was born in Seville, Spain on 6th of June, 1599. He was gifted with skills in art and hence started undergoing training under a famous painter, Francisco de Herrera. He was a prominent artist in the court of King Philip IV. His paintings covered subjects like mythology, religion, and common man's life. Velazquez was referred to as the "noblest and most commanding man among the artists of his country". He died on August 6, 1660. Many of Spain's well-known artists have recreated his works as a tribute to this legend.

Pablo Picasso

Apart from being a painter, he was also a sculptor and draftsman. He is one of the eminent personalities of the twentieth century art world. His mother had said that his first words as a kid were "piz piz", which is an abbreviation of the word 'pencil' in Spanish. His flair for drawing was seen since childhood. His father trained him in oil painting and figure drawing. His works of art have been divided into periods. Works painted in shades of blue characterize Picasso's Blue period. Blindness was the theme of many of his paintings of this period. The Rose period that lasted for two years consisted of works painted in cheerful colors. The African Influence Period lasted from 1907 to 1909. Monochrome brownish and neutral colors characterized his paintings of the Cubism period. He died on April 8, 1973 at the age of 91. His paintings, 'Dora Maar au Chat' and 'Nude in a Black Armchair' rank in the list of the most expensive paintings in the world.

Joan Miro

He was an ethnic Catalan born in 1893. He was a painter, sculptor and ceramicist. Attracted by the arts community, he moved to Paris in 1920. There he developed a style of his own. It was known as 'organic forms and flattened picture planes drawn with a sharp line'. He pioneered the development of automatic drawing, marking the beginning of Surrealism. He died in 1983. He is one of the internationally acclaimed artists.

Other Famous Latino Painters

The U.S. Government defines Hispanic or Latino people as those who trace their origin or descent to Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central and South America, and other Spanish cultures. The term 'Hispanic' refers to the ethnic group of people who share country heritage and speak the Spanish language. People with a historical or cultural link to Spain can be called Hispanics, irrespective of their ethnicity or race. Here is a list of famous artists in this category.

Spanish baroque painter Bartolome Murillo
Spanish baroque painter Bartolome Murillo
Spanish romantic painter Francisco de Goya
Spanish romantic painter Francisco de Goya

Alberto Lucis
Abstract Expressionist Painter
Alejandro Mario Yllanes
Latin American painter and printmaker
Andrés Curruchich
Latin American painter
Aníbal López
Latin American figurative artist
Antoni Tàpies
Spanish painter, sculptor and art theorist
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Spanish Baroque painter
Basilio Santa Cruz Pumacallao
Latin American artist
Camilo Egas
Ecuadorian master painter and teacher
Carlos Jacanamijoy
Colombian painter
Carlos Mérida
Latin American painter
Chafil Cheucarama
Latin American artist and illustrator
David Alfaro Siqueiros
Mexican artist
Diego Rivera
Mexican painter
Diego Quispe Tito
Latin American artist
Fernando Botero
Colombian painter and sculptor
Francisco de Zurbarán
Spanish painter
Francisco Goya
Spanish romantic painter and printmaker
Francisco Toledo
Mexican painter, sculptor, and graphic artist
Frida Kahlo
Mexican painter
Guaman Poma
Latin American artist (illustrator)
Jesús Guerrero Galván
Mexican artist
Santos Chavez
Latin American painter
José Clemente Orozco
Mexican painter and muralist
Juan Gris
Spanish painter and sculptor
Jusepe de Ribera
Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker
Luis Rolando Ixquiac Xicara
Latin American artist
Marcos Zapata
Latin American painter
Mario Urteaga Alvarado
Latin American painter
Miguel Cabrera
Latin American painter
Miguel Covarrubias
Mexican painter, illustrator, and art historian
Oswald Hussein
Latin American artist (known for wooden sculptures)
Oswaldo Guayasamín
Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor
Roberto Mamani Mamani
Latin American artist
Rodolfo Morales
Mexican painter
Rufino Tamayo
Mexican painter
Salvador Dalí
Spanish surrealist painter

These were some of the very famous Hispanic painters and some prominent names in Spanish art. They continue to live through their work.
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